The union of Mars with Rhea Silvia

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The union of Mars with Rhea Silvia
second half of the 2nd century A.D.; 13th century

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Box sarcophagus carved in high relief illustrating in the front the union of Mars with Rhea Silvia, iconography validated by the presence on the right side of the she-wolf suckling Romulus and Remus and on the left of the personification of the river Tiber.
Some have interpreted the theme such as Ares and dormant Aphrodite and other as the wedding of Peleus and Thetis.
In the 13th century it was used as a tumulus of the Archdeacon of Amalfi Cesario de Alanio, as you can read in the inscription engraved on the top edge.


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